Innovative concepts for sanitation and faecal sludge management in an emergency setting
The Emergency Sanitation Project (ESP) is a consortium of humanitarian agencies dedicated to research new technology and methodology for improving the ability of humanitarian organizations to provide sanitation in emergency response. The first phase of the project has led to an array of positive outcomes ranging from the development of sanitation equipment to building alliances with stakeholders including suppliers, product designers, students and field staff. In the second phase the consortium wanted to focus more on innovation in emergency sanitation design and equipment and further developing and testing the most promising technology. With as a final goal to bring these innovations to scale.
In Phase II we aimed to provide further evidence for solving some of the most challenging issues in the sanitation agenda and bringing innovative emergency sanitation solutions to scale. The three most significant gaps in emergency sanitation that required our attention in this project were:
• Excreta disposal in difficult locations (urban, high water table and flooding)
• Latrine emptying and desludging
• Centralised excreta disposal options
Our activities in the consortium: Improved Desludging in Raised Latrines
In Phase I of the project we developed reliable protocols to treat faecal sludge on household scale in laboratory conditions. In the second phase it was therefore time to test and further develop the technology in actual emergy settings. For example, to avoid problems with transport of hazardous faecal sludge from raised latrines to the disposal site, we sanitized the sludge in raised latrines before transfer. At the same time, we improved the conditions inside the raised latrines by reducing foul smell and fly and mosquito breeding.
Impact we realised
Increased alternatives for sanitation in emergency settings
Increased alternatives for faecal sludge treatment in emergency settings
• IFRC (International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies) (lead partner)
• Oxfam GB
• Netherlands Red Cross
Funded by USAID