Sanitation in Peri-urban areas in Africa – Part 2

Sanitation in Peri-urban areas in Africa – Part 2

Strengthen service delivery for the very lo- income households in peri-urban areas in Kabwe, Zambia.

The first part of the Sanitation in Peri-urban areas in Africa (SPA) focussed on the establishment of sustainable sanitation service systems, including the construction of applicable and sustainable toilet facilities; the establishment and strengthening of small enterprises in latrine construction and pit-emptying; and creating a supportive enabling environment – financially, administratively and technically.

To follow up on our activities, SPA 2 we is focused on strengthening sanitation service delivery for the very low income households in peri urban areas in the municipality of Kabwe in Zambia.

Goals of the programme

  1. Sustainable finance models: Establish and strengthen the financial mechanisms and instruments that fit the affordability levels of poorer households and enable them to access funding.
  2. Demand creation: Establish and strengthen sanitation marketing mechanisms and instruments that fit the requirements of poorer households creating a real demand for affordable supply of appropriate pro-poor services and products.
  3. Enabling environment and Support structure: Develop and strengthen the appropriate enabling environment focusing on sanitation coverage of poor peri-urban communities and strengthen the local support structure.
  4. Knowledge management: Capitalize on what was learnt in SPA 1 by producing relevant output, which can be used to further develop the model.


During the inception phase, we conducted quick scans assessing the present status of the market and the involvement of relevant stakeholders, including businesses and Micro Finance Institutions. Based on the results of the quick scans, the plans for the implementation phase have are reformulated.

Activities under the implementation phase will focus on trial of adjustment of concepts and core themes in particularly for the very poor. This includes:

  • Demand Creation: development or adjustment of demand creation concepts focussed on the poor.
  • Financing mechanisms: introduction of financing concepts, including crowd funding and the stacking funds principle.
  • Supply development – involving and developing businesses – and creating an enabling environment and local support structure.


The outputs from this project will be utilized in other projects of Plan Netherlands and WASTE. In fact, the first part of the SPA programme is where we designed and developed the WASTE Diamond Business model. This model is now the foundation of all the work we do.

Partners involved

  • WASTE Zambia
  • Plan Zambia and
  • Plan Netherlands

Funded by Plan Netherlands (Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs)