APPROACH

APPROACH

How we create sanitation and solid waste systems that scale

The term ‘waste’ has a different meaning for different people. In general, you could say that waste is ‘unwanted’ for the person who discards it. This, while waste can have value for people as well. For example, for an entrepreneur who makes a good living out of waste collection. At WASTE we see ‘waste’ both as a negative and as a beneficial resource providing a potential source of income. When we talk about waste, we differentiate solid waste – such as plastics and paper – from liquid waste – human waste.

A sustainable waste management system can only be robust and sustainable if various dimensions are taken into account in the shaping of the system.

WASTE uses the Integrated Sustainable Waste Management (ISWM) as a tool to understand the existing and the necessary WHO, HOW and WHAT elements in the given waste management system.

With this tool we analyse three important dimensions:

1. WHO are the stakeholders that are currently present? And who are the key stakeholders that need to be engaged?
2. HOW are the service- and value chains of the waste management system currently working? And how could these be strengthened?
3. WHAT is the current status of the most important enabling aspects: technical, environmental, health, financial, economic, socio-cultural, institutional, legal and political aspects? And how can these be enhanced?

We work on understanding each of these dimensions and how they relate to each other to identify solutions, and to improve the sustainability of the waste management system.

WASTE DIAMOND MODEL

The Diamond model is a multi-stakeholder approach developed by WASTE to build a local waste management system that can reach scale.

WASTE focuses on connecting the following four key actors in the local waste management market that are essential for scaling of results:

1.Customers (demand-side): Through marketing in waste management, customers have developed a demand for improved services and products in waste management. For example demand for a safe toilet, recycled plastic products or waste collection services.

2.Businesses (supply-side): Local entrepreneurs (SMEs) are trained to meet their customers’ demand. They are incentivised to offer cost-effective and good quality services and products. This includes entrepreneurs who construct safe toilets, collect and process plastic waste and private faecal sludge collectors.

3.Financiers: Financiers, such as Micro Finance Institutions (MFIs) and impact investors, see market opportunities in financing both customers and businesses. Consequently, they develop and promote credit products for customers and businesses.

4.Government: The government has the responsibility to develop and reinforce laws and regulations in waste management standards and stimulates market growth through leadership in awareness creation and proactive engagement in Public Private

The WASTE Diamond model offers a flexible and comprehensive model that increases the likelihood of a sustainable sanitation and solid waste management in developing and emerging countries.

Technical and business training for sanitation and solid waste PRIVATE SECTOR entrepreneurs such as on how toSUPPORT write a business plan and apply for a loan.

Creation of demand for improved service and products in sanitation and solid waste management through health marketing campaigns.

Capacity building of local authorities on how they could improve contribution to the sanitation field.

WASTE supports self-reliance of these stakeholders. As a consequence, WASTE never directly interferes in the interconnection between stakeholders to ensure the continuation of the system even after WASTE leaves the programme.

Through marketing in waste management, customers have developed a demand for improved services and products in waste management.

Local entrepreneurs (SMEs) are trained to meet demand by customers. They are incentivised to offer cost-effective and good quality services and products.

Financiers, such as MFIs and impact investors, see market opportunities in financing both customers and businesses and develop credit products for them.

The government has the responsibility to develop and reinforce laws and regulations in waste management standards and stimulates market growth.